4G commonly known as Fourth-Generation Wireless and 5G, Fifth-Generation Wireless, are both broadband cellular network technology regulated by ITU in IMT advanced system. ITU which stands for International Telecommunication Union is responsible for regulating information and communication technologies, IMT, on the other hand simply means International Mobile Telecommunications.
However, part of the modification ITU did was, introducing Long Term Evolution (LTE) for easier transitioning from 3G to 4G and 4G to 5G
Over the years, the development between each network have been distinct as the immersion of a new network increases internet speed and loweres latency. Hence, the hierarchy is, 2G succeeds 1G and precedes 3G, also in the space of growth, 3G precedes 4G as well as the latest, 5G. This is explained in the table below;
|Launched 1979||Launched 1991||Launched 2001||Launched 2009||Launched 2019|
|Voice calling||For phone calls and text only||Access to browse and make video calls||Data supported voice and video call and messages||Data supported voice and video call and messages|
|Actual download rate 1Kbps||Actual download rate, 384Kbps||Average download rate, 21Mbps||Average download rate 1Gbbps||Average download rate 10Gbps|
|Unable to download||Unable to download||Ability to download||Ability to download||Ability to download|
|Technologies – AMPS, NMT, TACS||Technologies – GSM, D-AMPS||Technologies – UMTS, CDMA2000||Technology -LTE, LTE-A||Technology -NR|
COMPARISON BETWEEN 4G AND 5G
- Both mobile networks make use of digital technologies but these digital technologies vary as 4G uses Long Term Evolution (LTE) and 5G will replace this with New Radio (NR) system.
- There will be an upgrade in terms of speed capacity because the 5th-Generation network will become faster than 4G.
- Reduced latency time for browsing and live streaming; 5G guarantees low latency under 5 milliseconds while 4G is presently about 60 milliseconds. This means the speed rate will move from 1GBPS to 20GBPS.
- With 5G, there will be an ability to connect more users and devices to a network even with its small cell technology.
- The top 5G network countries are south Korea, china, USA, Italy, Germany, amongst few others.
IMPORTANCE OF 4G AND 5G NETWORK ON THE BLOCKCHAIN.
The adoption of Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) was clearly not possible in the past years when 1G, 2g or 3G was in operation. The improvement caused by 4G and the incoming 5G network has boosted the blockchain technology and enforced good use of it in different areas. The first blockchain application was developed using the 4th generation wireless technology and ever since then till now, several decentralised apps (DAPPS) have been introduced indisputably.
4G has greatly supported blockchain technology since invention due to its high usability model and capacity. Blockchain, on the other hand, during its initiation and progressive process needs to leverage on the capacity, speed, and security offered by this present Generation wireless network.
However with 5G, DLT can be more responsive and effectively used. 5G understands the relevance of the internet and its promising lower latency will encourage upcoming blockchain/Web3 projects including the soon-to-be unveiled Metaverse.